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The Puranas on the

Dynasty of the Moryas

and on Koot Hoomi


R. Ragoonath Row



This article was published in the

Theosophist and includes a detailed editors note




It is stated in Matsya Puran, chapter cclxxii., that ten Moryas would

reign over India, and would be succeeded by the Shoongas, and that Shata

Dhanva will be the first of these ten Maureyas (or Moryas).


In Vishnu Purana (Book IV. chapter iv.) it is stated that there was in

the Soorya dynasty a king called Moru, who through the power of devotion

(Yoga) is said to be still living in the village called Katapa, in the

Himalayas (vide vol. iii. p. 197, by Wilson), and who, in a future age,

will be the restorer of the Kshatriya race, in the Solar dynasty, that

is, many thousands of years hence.  In another part of the same Purana

(Book IV. chapter xxiv.) it is stated that, "upon the cessation of the

race of Nanda, the Moryas* will possess the earth, for Kautilya will

place Chandragupta on the throne."  Col. Tod considers Morya, or Maurya,

a corruption of Mori, the name of a Rajput tribe.




* The particulars of this legend are recorded in the Atthata katha of

the Uttaraviharo priests.



The Commentary on the Mahavanso thinks that the princes of the town Mori

were thence called Mauryas.  Vachaspattya, a Sanskrit Encyclopaedia,

places the village of Katapa on the northern side of the Himalayas--

hence in Tibet.  The same is stated in chapter xii. (Skanda) of

Bhagavat, vol. iii. p. 325.  The Vayu Purana seems to declare that Moru

will re-establish the Kshatriyas in the nineteenth coming Yuga.  In

chapter vi. Book III. of Vishnu Purana, a Rishi called Koothoomi is

mentioned.  Will any of our Brothers tell us how our Mahatmas stand to

these revered personages?


--R. Ragoonath Row




Editor's Note


In the Buddhist Mahavanso, Chandagatto, or Chandragupta, Asoka's

grandfather, is called a prince of the Moryan dynasty as he certainly

was--or rather as they were, for there were several Chandraguptas.  This

dynasty, as said in the same book, began with certain Kshatriyas

(warriors) of the Sakya line closely related to Gautama Buddha, who

crossing the Himavanto (Himalayas) "discovered a delightful location,

well watered, and situated in the midst of a forest of lofty bo and

other trees.  There they founded a town, which was called by its Sakya

lords, Morya-Nagara."  Prof. Max Muller would see in this legend a

made-up story for two reasons:  (1) A desire on the part of Buddhists to

connect their king Asoka, "the beloved of gods," with Buddha, and thus

nullify the slanders set up by the Brahmanical opponents of Buddhism to

the effect that Asoka and Chandragupta were Sudras; and (2) because this

document does not dovetail with his own theories and chronology based on

the fanciful stories of the Greek-Megasthenes and others.  It was not

the princes of Morya-Nagara who received their name from the Rajput

tribe of Mori, but the latter that became so well known as being

composed of the descendants of the Moryan sovereign of Morya-Nagara.

Some light is thrown on the subsequent destiny of that dynasty in

"Replies to an English F.T.S." (See ante.)  The name of Rishi Koothoomi

is mentioned in more than one Purana, and his Code is among the eighteen

Codes written by various Rishis, and preserved at Calcutta in the

library of the Asiatic Society.  But we have not been told whether there

is any connection between our Mahatma of that name and the Rishi, and we

do not feel justified in speculating upon the subject.  All we know is,

that both are Northern Brahmans, while the Moryas are Kshatriyas.  If

any of our Brothers know more, or can discover anything relating to the

subject in the Sacred Books, we shall hear of it with pleasure. The

words:  "The Moryas will possess the earth, for Kautilya will place

Chandragupta on the throne," have in our occult philosophy a dual

meaning.  In one sense they relate to the days of early Buddhism, when a

Chandragupta (Morya) was the king "of all the earth," i.e., of Brahmans,

who believed themselves the highest and only representatives of humanity

for whom earth was evolved. The second meaning is purely esoteric.

Every adept or genuine Mahatma is said to "possess the earth," by the

power of his occult knowledge.  Hence, a series of ten Moryas, all

initiated adepts, would be regarded by the occultists, and referred to

as "possessing all the earth," or all its knowledge.  The names of

"Chandragupta" and "Kautilya" have also an esoteric significance. Let

our Brother ponder over their Sanskrit meaning, and he will perhaps see

what bearing the phrase--"for Kautilya will place Chandragupta upon the

throne"--has upon the Moryas possessing the earth.  We would also remind

our Brother that the word Itihasa, ordinarily translated as "history,"

is defined by Sanskrit authorities to be the narrative of the lives of

some August personages, conveying at the same time meanings of the

highest moral and occult importance.





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